In Final Cut Pro 7, we replaced clips based upon the position of the playhead in the Viewer and in the Timeline. (Here’s an article that describes this in more detail.)
In Final Cut Pro X, Apple changed this behavior.
THE BASIC PROCEDURE
In all cases, Replace matches the In or Out of the Event Browser clip with the In or Out of the Timeline clip.
NOTE: In our example, the Timeline clip has a duration of 4 seconds, while the Event Browser clip has a duration of 6 seconds. (Your clips can, of course, be of any duration, I’m using these to help illustrate the process.)
To replace a clip in the Timeline with a clip from the Event Browser, in this example, the blue clip, set an In and an Out in the Event Browser clip, then…
Drag the Event Browser clip on top of the Timeline clip, so that the Timeline clip turns white.
When you let go of the mouse, a menu appears. Click the option you want, and you are done.
Here’s the new clip, courtesy of NASA, inserted where the blue mountain clip used to be.
THE MENU OPTIONS
Replace. This option matches the In of the Event Browser clip with the In of the Timeline clip and replaces the entire Timeline clip with the duration of the Event Browser clip.
Replace from Start. This option matches the In of the Event Browser clip to the In of the Timeline clip, and replaces the entire Timeline clip with the Event Browser clip, but uses the duration of the Timeline clip.
NOTE: If the Event Browser clip is longer than the Timeline clip, the Out of the Event Browser clip moves earlier. If the Event Browser clip is shorter, the Out moves later. If the Event Browser clip is not long enough, the error message displayed above appears, warning you that the Timeline duration will change.
Replace from End. This option matches the Out of the Event Browser clip with the Out of the Timeline clip and replaces the entire Timeline clip. The new clip inherits the duration of the old clip.
NEW OPTIONS – AUDITIONS
Two other options allow you to integrate replacing a clip with auditions. (Here is a short video tutorial that describes how to create an Audition. And here is an article that covers Auditions, as well.)
Replace and Add to Audition. This creates a new Audition by combining the old clip with the new clip and allowing you to preview both and pick between them.
Add to Audition. This option add the new clip into an existing Audition, so you have one more clip to preview and select as part of your Audition.
COOL NEW FEATURE
You can replace the Timeline clip with one OR MORE selected Event Browser clips. The options are the same – though, in this case, I recommend you select Replace, so that the old clip is replaced by all the selected new clips; otherwise, the shorter duration of the Timeline clip will prevent all selected clips from being included in the Replace.
In this example, I replaced a single Timeline clip with three selected NASA clips from the Event Browser.
It wouldn’t be Final Cut if there were not keyboard shortcuts. Here are the options for Replace Edits.
I find myself using Replace edits all the time – mostly Replace From Start. While different than in FCP 7, I find that it remains an exceedingly useful function.
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