HEVC (also called “H.265”) is new with macOS High Sierra and Apple Final Cut Pro X 10.4. However, by default, none of the Sharing/Export settings inside FCP X support HEVC.
Instead, we need to change preferences inside FCP X to allow us to export a project using the HEVC codec.
To start, go to Final Cut Pro > Preferences > Destinations. None of the default settings will output HEVC.
Instead, add the HEVC settings using the Compressor Settings menu.
Drag the Compressor Settings icon from the right side to the left.
This opens a panel allowing us to choose which Compressor setting to import. There are only two HEVC settings – both in Apple Devices:
Select the setting you want to use, then click OK. For this example, I’ll add both; which means I need to drag the Compressor Settings icon across twice.
NOTE: On older systems, such as my 2013 27″ iMac, which don’t support 8-bit hardware acceleration, this 8-bit option is missing. Both options are there on my 2017 iMac.
Here’s how I rearranged my settings after adding the two new options; the 8-bit option is highlighted in blue.
NOTE: Neither the 8-bit, nor 10-bit, options have any user-adjustable settings. If you want to tweak, you’ll need to use Compressor itself to compress the file.
COMPRESSING A FILE
When the time comes to export an HEVC version of your project or clip, select it from the File > Share menu.
As with all files in FCP X, exporting happens in the background. This means that if you do any editing or file playback, all background processes stop until you are done. This will materially affect how long it takes to export a file.
Exporting an HEVC file takes a LONG time!
These are the specs for my 2017 iMac, which supports hardware acceleration. Leaving FCP X in the foreground and doing no editing of any sort:
NOTE: Hardware acceleration only supports 8-bit compression.
After exporting a file and quitting FCP X, when I restarted the application, I got this error message. To fix it, I deleted the existing compression setting in Preferences, then re-installed it using the Preferences menu as described above.
It worked fine after that.
We are in the very beginning stages of practical support for HEVC. From an image quality point of view, there’s no real difference between H.264 and HEVC. So, for existing workflows, stay with H.264. H.264 is also supported by just about everything.
Where smaller file sizes are critical and you don’t need to reach the mass audience, HEVC can save download time. However, you need to allow plenty of extra time for compression.
If you plan to do lots of HEVC compression, my recommendation is to export a master file from FCP X, then compress the file separately using Compressor. This provides the fastest export from FCP X, with Compressor offering more controls over the exact compression settings for your file.
21 Responses to Configure Final Cut Pro X to Output HEVC (H.265)
Thank you Larry for bringing interesting info. I checked on my iMac 2015 and it is 30:1 as you said. Sigh.
I have a 40 min HDR project. I do not think I can rely on 20-22 hours running without problems. Will have to split it into 2-3 parts.
Do you think bringing several HEVC clips into FCPX and then exporting the combined will just put them together without transcoding?
I have a more important question for you: WHY do you want to create HEVC video?
HEVC, long-term, provides the same image quality as H.264, but with potentially – and not always – smaller file sizes.
If you don’t need the smaller file size, you’d be wise to stay with H.264 – at least for now.
What HEVC does is future-proof FCP X for this upcoming technology. I see NO reason to attempt HEVC on older systems – it will take forever, maybe longer, and yield nothing that you don’t get in just a few minutes with H.264.
HEVC will be as important to video as H.264, but that time is not now and definitely not for older systems.
I am working on HDR project. BTW, looks beautiful in ProRes. For this project, it is not about compression time, but about an HDR film. I was thinking of bypassing iMac Pro and waiting for Mac Pro later this year. (Like, I remember, you describing your old Mac Pro, my lasted near forever. For several years now I am working on iMac 27.) But for now I will need to do some acrobatics. Just trying to figure out which flips to make.
I need to export to an h.265 file, but with MP4 container (not m4v). I’m guessing the m4v comes from the fact that we must use an option for “Apple Devices”…? Any ideas on how to get h.265/MP4 with Compressor?
Nope. What happens if you just change the file extension after compression is complete? This has worked for me in the past.
I came across a weird import problem of a Quicktime export clip encoded in H.265. Your tip on changing the extension did the trick. Thanks!
I am trying to export a video to play on a HUGE three story Atrium Screen.
Dimensions are 2496X4224.
The file size can be no larger than 2 Gig. (I can export Pro Res but it is 16 Gig for a 6 minute movie)
H.264 does not offer this custom size in compressor, and H.265 is limited to 4K so only gives me half the size by default.
Is there a way to Export such a file? Final Cut and Compressor?
These are very non-standard video dimensions. Not just the vertical image, but the precise pixel counts are non-standard.
File size is dependent upon frame size, codec and the duration of your video. Try using ProRes 422 LT – still high quality, when seen at a distance, but smaller than ProRes 422. I would not recommend ProRes Proxy – too much image loss.
It’s a bummer you have to own compressor in addition to final cut to get this codec. I think I’ll export as lossless then use FFMPEG or Handbrake to convert to HEVC. Thanks for the info though!
Thank you for the helpful info, I publish final versions of wedding films to clients online with a platform that has a GB limit so I’m interested in smaller file sizes. I have the new MacBook Pro with Kaby Lake processors. Should I make a custom mp4 setting in compressor with format “optimize for network use” and Data Rate “Web Publishing” selected? Or does the apple device settings work for online streaming? Thanks!
Try both, then pick the one that’s the smallest file – assuming that it still looks good. I would avoid HEVC for the short term until more people have access to that codec for playback.
Hello, Larry, first of all I would like to thank you for all those videos that helped me always! Thanks!
When I dragg Drag the Compressor Settings icon from the right to the left side, I just have 2 folders. One says BUILT-IN (with 0 settings) and the other CUSTOM (1 group) that unfolds into another folder of only MXF groups.
Nothing with HEVC.
Could be because I work with OS X El Capitan 10.11.6?
Must I install Sierra?
Correct, HEVC support showed up with High Sierra. And the HEVC settings are in the Apple Devices group.
Lucas – I get the same as you. I am using the latest MacOS 10.14.2 (Mojave) and FCPX 10.4.4. As far as I know this is because I do not own Compressor.app so I only get FCP’s default compressor output groups (MXF and custom which is empty).
I have a specific question, whose answer might be helpful to majority of people shooting with 4k cameras at 60fps. I have a project file about 1 hour long, which I did in FCPX. When I export the project with the default h.264 option, a 12 GB .mp4 file is produced but I notice loss in quality. The bitrate is about 30 mbps, whereas the video clips are shot at 140 mbps. How can I export my project with a high mpbs and file size does not get enormous. I was thinking about:
– Option 1: export to .mov file with a ProRes codec and after that using .h265 codec to reduce the size. I have no idea what software would be good.
– directly export to .h265 (the description above in the article). What is the bitrate in this option?
I simply do not want to sacrifice the bitrate because it really makes a big difference.
Your answer will be highly appreciated.
Bit rate DETERMINES file size. The higher the bit rate, the larger the file.
Image quality, on the other hand, is determined by five factors: Codec, frame size, frame rate, the amount of movement between frames and bit rate.
H.264 and H.265 trade off image quality for small file size. ProRes and DNxHD trade off file size for high quality. There’s no free lunch.
i my footage is H.265 format, how to do editing in fcpx, i try to import but it blank with sound. btw, i’m using fcpx 10.4.5 and macos 10.14. i don’t need to export to hevc, just H.264 is perfect.
First, make sure you can play the H.265 clips outside of FCP X; QuickTime Player should be fine. The macOS only added support for HEVC (H.265) in later versions of High Sierra. It may be this particular version of H.265 isn’t supported on your system. (I can’t think of why it would NOT work, but it is always good to check.)
If you can play the media in QuickTime Player, but not FCP X, you’ll need to convert it. A good format to convert to would be ProRes 422. Compressor should be able to do that – but, if it doesn’t, look into Handbrake. This is a very popular video conversion tool.
I second your mention of Handbrake, Larry. I’ve found on my dual GPU 64gb Mac Pro that it encodes H264 incredibly fast.I’m yet to try its H265 setting.I’m a Cinematographer who has recently fallen into drone a lot recently, both for broadcast clients (was recently blessed to shoot under Werner Herzog lately!) but more specifically for 4K stock footage here in outback Australia. I’m very late to the game with the “new” Mavic Pro 2 which can shoot in d-log 10-bit H265 (HLG/HDR?) in camera. Under my circumstances is that the format I should always be shooting in if I have no concern trying to keep file sizes down? Or for longevity of stock footage in particular, since I have heard the head of one studio had mentioned they will soon no longer accept non-HDR vision? Sorry,still trying to wrap my head around all this. In terms of workflow,the bottom line is I won’t be keeping all footage anyway so I want to shoot best quality and make a FCPX compile outputting best quality, because the drone masters will then be deleted. Hope that’s slightly clearer than mud!
H.265 (HEVC) is a highly compressed format. While well-suited for distribution it is not optimal for editing or, especially, color grading. The 10-bit is very nice, but the compression is not.
If the Mavic only shoots H.265, then shoot at the highest bit rate your Mavic supports. Prior to editing, convert that into something better for editing. I’d recommend ProRes 422 HQ; but, as with everything in video, do some tests to see what works best for you.
Usually I use iDealshare VideoGo to convert video to Final Cut Pro X more supported Apple ProRes and then convert the exported FCP X files to any other video format like HEVC H.265, H.264, AVI, MPG, VOB, MOV etc